consequences of the onset of cigarette smoking in childhood have been well documented. Tobacco use, especially electronic
cigarettes and hookah smoking, currently on the rise among tweens and
adolescents, is a major concern to our nation’s public health experts.
Recognizing the importance of grandparents as principal care
providers of children in many families and the key role they play in helping
children make decisions, this workshop program series will address how
grandparents can serve as role models and key influencers for their
grandchildren in their decision to smoke or not.
An innovative model and new approach for smoking prevention
activities and programs that schools and communities can use to stem the tide
of adolescent smoking will be developed and pilot tested in New York City with
a cohort of adults who have grandchildren.
new program, under the direction of Healthy Children
Healthy Futures (HCHF), and supported
through a grant from Strang Cancer Prevention Institute, will determine whether grandparents can serve as role models
and key influencers for their grandchildren in their decision to smoke or not. The program will be
developed in two phases.
Phase I: Focus
first step was to
conduct a focus group in NYC with a group of grandparents who have
grandchildren, ages 11-15. This discussion
will help us learn if grandparents know about ways to inhibit the onset of smoking
among their grandchildren. It will also
help to determine if grandparents believe they have role modeling influence
over their grandchildren’s health decision making when it comes to various
types of smoking.
additional focus group was
conducted with young people; ages 11-15 who have grandparents living close by to them. This focus group will help us to understand
what young teens think about tobacco use,electronic cigarettes and hookah pipe
smoking, and if they believe that their grandparents have influence
on their decision making.
on focus group analysis, content will be developed for three sequential grandparent
workshops. Each workshop will be
designed with knowledge and behavior-based activities targeted to grandparents
and their interaction with their grandchildren.
A coaching process using text messaging, e-mails, or phone calls [will be added to
provide reinforcement of workshop content for grandparents.
Phase II: Pilot
Testing of Intervention
II will include the recruitment of two program sites for workshop series
implementation, the recruitment of participating grandparents, site letters of
support and the determination of program incentives. A pre and post workshop survey will be
administered to the grandparents and outcomes evaluated.
more information on this current HCHF effort, please contact Dr. Woodie Kessel
at WKessel@gmail.com or BJCarter@healthy-directions.org